North Carolina now has one of the most broad-based and competitive tax structures for business in the United States, according to a recent Location Matters survey and newly released white paper from the Tax Foundation and KPMG LLP.

The Location Matters study, released in May, compared overall tax costs among businesses of different types in all 50 states while the white paper follows that report to provide a detailed look at the factors behind North Carolina’s strong finish.

According to the white paper, major tax reforms initiated in 2013 contributed significantly toward boosting the state’s economy and eliminated what had been a major barrier to growth.

During the seven years that followed, the state’s GDP rose 9.5%, exceeding the 9% national average. The state’s economy also has risen from 41st a decade ago to first today as a category of CNBC’s “America’s Top States for Business.” North Carolina also ranks first overall on Forbes’ “Best States for Business.” Additionally, North Carolina has experienced the third-highest net migration in the nation, following Texas and Florida.

What’s made North Carolina so tax competitive for businesses?

Lowest corporate income tax: North Carolina went from the highest corporate income tax rate in the Southeast to now the lowest in the country at 2.5%. It also now ranks third nationally for lowest overall tax rates among newly established companies that are both privately and publicly held, and fifth for best overall rates among mature privately and publicly held businesses, according to the Location Matters study.

Low commercial property taxes: North Carolina has low commercial property taxes compared to neighboring states such as South Carolina and Tennessee and, unlike Georgia and Virginia, North Carolina does not include business inventory in its property tax base.

“Changes to North Carolina’s corporate tax structure were not the sole reason for North Carolina becoming more competitive for business, but it was certainly a crucial part of it,” said Gary J. Salamido, president and CEO of the North Carolina Chamber. “Reforms to unemployment insurance tax laws have also allowed North Carolina to quickly pay off a growing federal debt, reducing a debt-inflated federal UI tax on employers and restoring solvency to the state’s UI system. Tax reform has been a game changer in terms of attracting new companies to our state, and it’s also helped incentivize companies with a presence in North Carolina to continue investing in their businesses here. It’s a tax structure that keeps costs predictable, attracts and retains corporations, and, ultimately, it has and continues to bolster our state’s economy.”

“The businesses we recruit to North Carolina weigh our tax competitiveness alongside other important considerations such as skilled workforce talent, strong infrastructure, and robust educational and training resources,” said Christopher Chung, chief executive officer of the Economic Development Partnership of North Carolina. “We see the uniquely comprehensive Location Matters study — and North Carolina’s very strong performance in that study — as powerful validation of North Carolina’s business-friendly tax climate, which, when combined with our world-class talent pool, makes our state the clear choice for fast-growing companies of all sizes and industries.”

For more information about business developments in North Carolina, visit the Economic Development Partnership of North Carolina at edpnc.com.

EDPNC is a private nonprofit corporation that serves as North Carolina’s statewide economic development organization. It operates under contract with the North Carolina Department of Commerce and focuses on business and job recruitment, existing industry support, international trade, tourism and film marketing.

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