Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders among children in the U.S. and affects at least 4 percent of adults and 5 percent of children worldwide.
Despite being a very treatable psychiatric disorder, ADHD often goes unrecognized and undiagnosed. It is importat to educate the public about the disorder and encourage people to do more to support individuals with ADHD.
One of the places where children with ADHD struggle the most is at school. Because ADHD impairs a person’s ability to focus, sit still and follow instructions, children with the disorder often struggle in traditional classroom settings and are less likely to achieve high levels of academic success.
Although ADHD doesn’t affect intelligence, students with untreated ADHD often don’t perform as well as their peers in math and reading. They’re also at a higher risk for grade repetition and are more likely to be placed in special education programs. Additionally, kids with ADHD are three times more likely than their peers to drop out of high school.
However, classroom accommodations and specialized learning strategies can be used to help students with ADHD excel academically. Providing access to alternative workspaces, assistive technology (like sensory stress balls and noise-cancelling headphones) and extended time limits on assessments, are ways that schools and teachers can help ADHD-diagnosed students succeed.
By learning more about ADHD and spreading awareness about the disorder, we can all do our part to make sure that children with ADHD get the support they need, both inside and outside the classroom.