This is the third article in a series addressing the opioid crisis we are facing in Western North Carolina. The first article defined the problem. There are too many opioids being misused, the drugs can be addictive, and addiction (including to heroin) can lead to overdose and even death.
The second article described the community response to this crisis. Mission Hospital, Vaya Health, Western Carolina Medical Society, Buncombe County and many other organizations and individuals are attacking this problem. However, the crisis is worse than ever.
In January and February alone, our first responders went to 150 overdose calls; more than all of the overdose calls in 2015. Sadly 20 of the overdose victims could not be reversed in time and died.
This article is to inform the public of two things. First, your provider may be treating temporary or short-term (also called “acute”) pain differently than in the past. Second, you as the patient have the right to ask for information and get answers to the questions you have about the treatment prescribed to you.
Pain treatment will look different now
Doctors, dentists, nurses, physician assistants, podiatrists, and pharmacists in Western North Carolina are worried about the misuse of pain medicine. Western North Carolina sees too many deaths from the misuse of prescription pain medicine. That is why your provider/team may now be talking with you about a plan to treat your pain safely if/when you have acute pain.
They may talk to you about your pain level, any history of drug abuse by you or family members, and ways to treat your pain without prescription pain medicine or prescribe pain medicines you can take that are not addictive. You may hear more about acetaminophen and ibuprofen. It may surprise you that these over the counter pain medicines have the best evidence for treating acute pain. One 500mg tablet of acetaminophen and one 200mg tablet of ibuprofen taken together up to 4 times per day with food and water has the best evidence for treating acute pain.
If your provider deems it necessary to give you an opioid prescription pain medication for acute pain, you may only receive 3 days of this pain medication, and definitely not more than 7 days. Your provider is following the new Center for Disease Control guidelines for managing acute pain.
Talk with your provider about your pain treatment plan
We encourage you to have a conversation with your provider if you are given an opioid prescription. Ask questions, such as:
What are the side effects of this opioid medication? Will this opioid medication interact with any of my other medications I am taking? Do I have to finish this whole prescription? Or if my pain is under control, can I stop taking this medication? When can I switch to acetaminophen and ibuprofen to control my pain? How do I safely store my prescription pain medicine so other people cannot take it? How do I safely throw away pain medicine that I do not use (so that it does not get into the hands of others… like my son/daughter or granddaughter/grandson or their friends)?
The next time you visit the doctor, you may encounter these changes in how we help you with pain management. Please ask questions. We care about your well-being and will work with you to treat your pain safely.
Dr. E. Blake Fagan is a Family Physician and the Chief Education Officer at the Mountain Area Health Education Center (MAHEC). Miriam Schwarz, MPA is the Executive Director for the Western Carolina Medical Society Association and Foundation.
By Dr. Blake Fagan and Miriam Schwarz